Name: ___________________________________    Date: ______________



1.
When expecting to be electrically shocked, people with an antisocial disorder, as compared to normal people, show:
A.
less fear and greater arousal of the autonomic nervous system.
B.
less fear and less autonomic arousal.
C.
greater fear and greater autonomic arousal.
D.
greater fear and less autonomic arousal.


2.
Our early ancestors commonly attributed disordered behavior to:
A.
“bad blood.”
B.
evil spirits.
C.
brain injury.
D.
laziness.


3.
Ken's therapist suggested that his depression is a result of his self-defeating thoughts and negative assumptions about himself, his situation, and his future. Evidently, Ken's therapist is working within the ________ perspective.
A.
learning
B.
social-cognitive
C.
biological
D.
psychoanalytic


4.
Alicia's doctor, who thinks that Alicia's depression has a biochemical cause, prescribes a drug that:
A.
reduces norepinephrine.
B.
increases norepinephrine.
C.
reduces serotonin.
D.
increases acetylcholine.


5.
According to psychoanalytic theory, memory of losses, especially in combination with internalized anger, is likely to result in:
A.
learned helplessness.
B.
the self-serving bias.
C.
weak ego defense mechanisms.
D.
depression.


6.
Which of the following is not true regarding schizophrenia?
A.
It occurs more frequently in people born in winter and spring months.
B.
It occurs less frequently as infectious disease rates have declined.
C.
It occurs more frequently in lightly populated areas.
D.
It usually appears during adolescence or early adulthood.


7.
Most mental health workers today take the view that disordered behaviors:
A.
are usually genetically triggered.
B.
are organic diseases.
C.
arise from the interaction of nature and nurture.
D.
are the product of learning.


8.
Dr. Jekyll, whose second personality was Mr. Hyde, had a(n) ________ disorder.
A.
anxiety
B.
dissociative
C.
mood
D.
personality


9.
The psychoanalytic perspective would most likely view phobias as:
A.
conditioned fears.
B.
displaced responses to incompletely repressed impulses.
C.
biological predispositions.
D.
manifestations of self-defeating thoughts.


10.
The fact that disorders such as schizophrenia are universal and influenced by heredity, whereas other disorders such as anorexia nervosa are culture-bound provides evidence for the ________ model of psychological disorders.
A.
medical
B.
biopsychosocial
C.
social-cultural
D.
psychoanalytic


11.
Jason is so preoccupied with staying clean that he showers as many as 10 times each day. Jason would be diagnosed as suffering from a(n):
A.
dissociative disorder.
B.
generalized anxiety disorder.
C.
personality disorder.
D.
obsessive-compulsive disorder.


12.
Which of the following provides evidence that human fears have been subjected to the evolutionary process?
A.
Compulsive acts typically exaggerate behaviors that contributed to our species' survival.
B.
Most phobias focus on objects that our ancestors also feared.
C.
It is easier to condition some fears than others.
D.
All of the above provide evidence.


13.
Janet, whose class presentation is titled “Current Views on the Causes of Schizophrenia,” concludes her talk with the statement:
A.
“Schizophrenia is caused by intolerable stress.”
B.
“Schizophrenia is inherited.”
C.
“Genes may predispose some people to react to particular experiences by developing schizophrenia.”
D.
“As of this date, schizophrenia is completely unpredictable and its causes are unknown.”


14.
Which of the following statements concerning the labeling of disordered behaviors is not true?
A.
Labels interfere with effective treatment of psychological disorders.
B.
Labels promote research studies of psychological disorders.
C.
Labels may create preconceptions that bias people's perceptions.
D.
Labels may influence behavior by creating self-fulfilling prophecies.


15.
In general, women are more vulnerable than men to:
A.
active disorders such as anxiety.
B.
passive disorders such as depression.
C.
active disorders such as antisocial conduct.
D.
passive disorders such as alcohol abuse.


16.
(Thinking Critically) Thirteen-year-old Ronald constantly fidgets in his seat at school, frequently blurts out answers without being called, and is extremely distractible. A psychiatrist might diagnose Ronald with:
A.
bipolar disorder.
B.
panic disorder.
C.
attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
D.
obsessive-compulsive disorder.


17.
Among the following, which is generally accepted as a possible cause of schizophrenia?
A.
an excess of endorphins in the brain
B.
being a twin
C.
extensive learned helplessness
D.
a genetic predisposition


18.
Irene occasionally experiences unpredictable episodes of intense dread accompanied by chest pains and a sensation of smothering. Since her symptoms have no apparent cause, they would probably be classified as indicative of:
A.
schizophrenia.
B.
bipolar disorder.
C.
post-traumatic stress disorder.
D.
panic attack.


19.
Gender differences in the prevalence of depression may be partly due to the fact that when stressful experiences occur:
A.
women tend to act, while men tend to think.
B.
women tend to think, while men tend to act.
C.
women tend to distract themselves by drinking, while men tend to delve into their work.
D.
women tend to delve into their work, while men tend to distract themselves by drinking.


20.
Social-cognitive theorists contend that depression is linked with:
A.
negative moods.
B.
maladaptive explanations of failure.
C.
self-defeating beliefs.
D.
all of the above.


21.
Which of the following is not a symptom of schizophrenia?
A.
inappropriate emotions
B.
disturbed perceptions
C.
panic attacks
D.
disorganized thinking


22.
The early warning signs of schizophrenia, based on studies of high-risk children, include all but which of the following?
A.
having a severely schizophrenic mother
B.
having been separated from parents
C.
having a short attention span
D.
having matured physically at a very early age


23.
Before he can study, Rashid must arrange his books, pencils, paper, and other items on his desk so that they are “just so.” The campus counselor suggests that Rashid's compulsive behavior may help alleviate his anxiety about failing in school, which reinforces the compulsive actions. This explanation of obsessive-compulsive behavior is most consistent with which perspective?
A.
learning
B.
psychoanalytic
C.
humanistic
D.
social-cognitive


24.
In treating depression, a psychiatrist would probably prescribe a drug that would:
A.
increase levels of acetylcholine.
B.
decrease levels of dopamine.
C.
increase levels of norepinephrine.
D.
decrease levels of serotonin.


25.
Behavior is classified as disordered when it is:
A.
deviant.
B.
distressful.
C.
dysfunctional.
D.
all of the above.



STOP This is the end of the test. When you have completed all the questions and reviewed your answers, press the button below to grade the test.